Healthcare

What is a stroke?

There are 3 main categories of stroke:

CLOT

in blood vessel

Strokes are the

2nd leading

cause of death worldwide

and the

3rd leading

cause of disability.

14 M people

per year

are affected by

stroke.

BURST

blood vessel

Strokes

are a medical

emergency.


For every 15 minutes saved, there is a 3.4% lower chance of disability after a stroke.

[*] Sheth, S.A., Jahan, R., Gralla, J., Pereira, V.M., Nogueira, R.G., Levy, E.I., Zaidat, O.O., and Saver, J.L. (2015). Time to endovascular reperfusion and degree of disability in acute stroke. Ann. Neurol. 78, 584–593

Ischemic

stroke


Caused by blood CLOT.

1.

2.

Hemorrhagic stroke


Caused by a BURST blood vessel. 


3.

False

Stroke


Showing stroke symptoms but not suffering a stroke. 


TIA is included in this category


  • Transient Ischemic Attack is a small clot that can usually dissolve by itself - does not require the same treatment as a "full" stroke.
  • A.K.A “mini-stroke”. 


In some cases the burst is caused by an existing clot.

Symptoms of Stroke


There are 2 types of Ischemic stroke: 


1.

SVO

Small Vessel Occlusion



2. 

LVO

Large Vessel Occlusion


  • LVOs are the MOST DANGEROUS type of stroke
  • Only 27% of all strokes are LVO, but 95% of stroke disabilities and 80% of stroke deaths are caused by LVOs

A stroke occurs when a blood vessel that carries oxygen and nutrients to the brain is either blocked by a clot or it bursts.

Weakness or 

numbness in the face, arm or leg, usually on just one side.

A sudden, severe headache, and vomiting, dizziness or altered consciousness

Difficulty speaking or understanding language.

Unexplained loss of balance or dizziness.


Decreased or blurred vision in one or both eyes.

What to do

in an

emergency

If you or someone you are with experiences symptoms mentioned above, use FAST to help you determine whether its time to call an ambulance.

Face

Is one one side of the face numb or dropping? Can the person smile?

Arms

Can the person raise both arms? Is one of them weak or numb?

Speech

Can the person speak clearly or is it slurred? Can she/he understand what you’re saying?

Time

It’s time to call the ambulance immediately if you see any of these symptoms.

The best way we can all work together to protect against stroke is to love our bodies and treat them right.

Risks and prevention

Up to 80% of strokes could be prevented 

through healthy lifestyle changes.

We’ve curated a selection of tools and resources focused on nutrition, exercise and mental health, which we consider the 3 key pillars for enjoying a healthy life.

Nutrition

Exercise

Mental health

10 key areas that affect the risk of stroke.

Weight

Overweight contributes heavily to problems like high blood pressure, heart disease, diabetes and high cholesterol. Ultimately contributing to a higher stroke risk. However, overweight is totally manageable through diet and exercise.

Diet

Having a healthy diet is one of the most effective ways to prevent stroke risk overall, since it directly affects some of the other risk factors as well. Caring about your diet brings countless positive benefits and small healthy changes can make a huge difference for your body and mind.

Atrial fibrillations

AF is a condition where the heartbeat is irregular and often very fast. If untreated, AF is a major risk factor for stroke. But the good side of things is that AF related strokes are highly preventable. In most cases medication is needed. But with a proper control of your blood, implementing a healthy diet rich in fruits + vegetables, exercising and stop smoking, you can also make great positive impact on improving your condition.

Smoking

We don’t want to be that annoying person. Asking you to stop smoking all the time or being judgmental. But you know you have to stop it. The rule is simple, the more you smoke the bigger your risk of suffering a stroke.

Know your risk

and prevent stroke.

90% of strokes are related with  10 risk factors associated with lifestyle.


We can all do something about it by improving some of our daily habits and routines.

Alcohol

We all love a good time, but the fact is that excessive alcohol consumption is linked to over 1 million strokes each year. Just be responsible.

Blood pressure

Having high blood pressure is a serious risk factor that is related with more than half of all strokes. It can be treated, mostly, with medication; although exercise and diet can also help manage this condition.

Exercise

You don’t need to aim for an ironman or feel bad about taking the elevator. Just remember that human beings are designed to be active and move around. Just 30 min of exercise 4/5 times a week will do.

Mental health

While mental health remains a taboo across the globe, we have to understand the importance it has in our lives. Being mentally healthy and in peace with yourself not only will allow you to live your best life, but it will also help you reducing the chances of suffering stroke.

Cholesterol

Yeah, that fatty substance that circulates in your blood…mostly coming from the saturated foods we eat. Yes, it increases risk of stroke. But it can be managed with lifestyle changes, although we recommend finding medical advice, in case you also need treatment/medication. Best way to avoid it? Watch your diet!

Diabetes

It’s a health condition that affects how your body turns food into energy. With 1 in 5 people who have a stroke being diabetic, it’s a major risk factor that we all need to address. A simple blood test can diagnose it. If you do have diabetes, it can be managed through treatment/medication, diet and exercise.

The stroke Riskometer is a mobile App that predicts your chances of having a stroke though a series of scientifically tested questions.


Developed by the Auckland University of Technology and endorsed by the world stroke organisation, the World Federation of Neurology and the World Heart Federation, this is a unique practical tool that aligns with our mission of reducing the global impact of stroke.

Pockit Diagnostics Ltd

Allia Future Business Centre CB42HY Cambridge UK

info@pockitdx.co.uk

+44 (0) 7597582767